La setmana tràgica a Barcelona - The tragic week in Barcelona

la setmana tragica - es balla al carrer amb els cadavers extrets de les tombes

Today, exactly 100 years ago, the events that became known as “the tragic week“ took place in Barcelona.
A colonial war in Morocco lead to a massive draft of – mostly working class – reservists.
This resulted in strong social discontent that, together with republican, anarchist and anticlerical convictions, lead to an outbreak of violence on the streets. The church’s involvement with the corrupt burgeoise was obvious, therefor convents and churches were burned. There were alsoreports that people danced with the corpses that had been taken out of graves and sepulchers.

setmana tragica - s'arribi a una veritable insurrecio amb barricades als carrers / forces de seguretat disparen sobre els manifestants

After one tragic week the riots were violently surpressed by military forces. Several anarchist leaders were executed, among them was Francesc Ferrer i Guàrdia, the founder of the Escuela Moderna.

la setmana tragica: el 13 d'octubre del mateix any Ferrer es afuselat

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comments analyzes the contemporay discourse of torture - Superenhanced
The austrian artist duo Ubermorgen, known for their 2005 project GWEI (Google will eat itself), are presenting their new solo exhibition Superenhanced. It deals with the aesthetic and linguistic implications of the actual renaissance of torture in western societies under the justification of the so called “war on terrorism”.

“ gets to grips with this sinister subject matter, but rather than condemning a human rights outrage that is there for all to see, appears to be more interested, on one hand, in exploring the hypocrisies of the language that renders it acceptable, and on the other the moral position of the spectator when exposed to ambiguous questions and disturbing images. The point of departure is the Superenhanced Generator, a web project (displayed in installation form) that contains a smart interrogation engine, basically capable of comprehending the spectator’s responses, and that generates a fake legal document (a foriginal), modelled on rendition orders and interrogation protocols.”

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Zitat: Harald Welzer über kollektive Gewalttaten

“Es handelt sich bei kollektiven Gewalttaten in der Regel nicht um unerklärliche Eruptionen, sondern um wiederkehrende soziale Vorgänge mit einem Anfang, einem Mittelteil und einem Schluss, und diese Vorgänge werden von denkenden Menschen und nicht von Berserkern erzeugt. Genozidale Prozesse entwickeln freilich selbst eine innere Dynamik – im Mittelteil wird möglich, was zu Anfang noch noch ganz undenkbar erschien -, und Gewalt selbst ist nicht prinzipiell destruktiv: Sie hat am Schluss eine neue Struktur geschaffen, die vor der Gewalt noch nicht da war. Ob diese Struktur im Ergebniss in Staatsbildungsprozessen nach ethnischen Kategorien oder etwa in einer nachhaltigen sozialpsychologischen Wirkunf wie der, dass man sich Juden nach dem Holocaust vor allem als Opfer vorstellt, ist an dieser Stelle unerheblich – es geht darum, Gewalt in ihrer strukturbildenden Funktion zu verstehen und Gewaltakteure als denkende Menschen zu beschreiben, um das Entstehen genozidaler Prozesse dann beobachten und womöglich verhindern zu können, wenn sie noch im Werden sind.” (S. 14f)

Harald Welzer (2008): Täter. Wie aus ganz normalen Menschen Massenmörder werden.

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